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Albert "Sunnyland Slim" Luandrew

Sept. 5, 1907 - March 17, 1995

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Blues pianist and singer Albert “Sunnyland Slim” Luandrew grew up in Mississippi and followed the African American migration north looking for a better life. In time, he became a mainstay of the Chicago blues scene. “I lay it down hard on the piano,” he said of his barrelhouse style. Courtesy Airway Records and National Endowment for the Arts
Albert 'Sunnyland Slim' Luandrew, 1988 National Heritage Fellowship Ceremonies, courtesy National Endowment for the Arts
Albert 'Sunnyland Slim' Luandrew, Chicago Blues Festival, 1991, photograph by Jack Vartoogian
Albert 'Sunnyland Slim' Luandrew, Chicago Blues Festival, 1992, photograph by Jack Vartoogian
Albert 'Sunnyland Slim' Luandrew at age 84 in his apartment, Chicago, Illinois, 1991, photograph by Alan Govenar
Albert 'Sunnyland Slim' Luandrew at age 84 going upstairs to his apartment, Chicago, Illinois, 1991, photograph by Alan Govenar

Albert Luandrew was a native of Vance, a small Delta town near Clarksdale in the cotton-growing area of northwestern Mississippi. As a boy, he plowed with a mule and did other farmwork, but developed an interest in music early. He tried to listen to all the local blues musicians. He taught himself to play piano and organ and began playing in a local church when he was 14. By 1924 he was playing piano in a small movie theater in nearby Lambert, Mississippi. The tall, slender youth soon got the nickname he would keep: Sunnyland Slim.

In the mid-1920s, Luandrew moved to Memphis to try his hand in the barrelhouses and honky-tonks that lined Beale Street. Memphis remained his home base for fifteen years, though he played all over the South. He appeared briefly in Ma Rainey's Arkansas Swift Foot Revue and worked with many important blues artists of the period, including Blind Blake, Blind Boy Fuller, Roosevelt Sykes, Memphis Slim and Little Brother Montgomery.

In 1942, according to Luandrew, "Memphis got a little rough, and they closed the joints, and they was the places where they had pianos, and you can be damn sure a piano player is going to be closed with them." After working in Missouri for a short time, he got an offer to record in Chicago. He moved there, supporting himself by factory work, truck driving and an occasional club appearance. The original record deal fell through, and it was five years before he made his first recording. During that time, he established himself as one of the artists who made Chicago virtually synonymous with the blues.

Sunnyland Slim's music never strayed far from its Mississippi Delta origins, though he enjoyed throwing in musical quotations from Count Basie and Duke Ellington. In Chicago he worked extensively with Little Walter and Muddy Waters, as well as with Tampa Red and other musicians in local clubs. He made his first recordings for the Victor label in 1947, but they were released under the name "Doctor Clayton's Buddy," because he was then touring with Peter "Doctor" Clayton.

Throughout his career, Sunnyland Slim was highly regarded by his Chicago contemporaries. Among those who recorded with him were Big Bill Broonzy, Muddy Waters, Little Walter, Lonnie Johnson and bassist Willie Dixon. From 1947 to 1956 Sunnyland had at least one or two releases a year, though they were seldom on the same label. Aristocrat (on which he recorded with Muddy Waters) was followed by Hytone, Mercury, Apollo, JOB, Sunny, Regal, Opera, Chance, Constellation, Blue Label, Vee-Jay, Club 51 and Cobra.

Luandrew was an urban bluesman who recorded songs with topical references, such as "Back in Korea Blues," and those with traditional origins, including "Brown Skin Woman" and "Woman Trouble Blues." He had a barrelhouse piano style that augmented the light-textured growl of his singing, sometimes punctuated by a rising falsetto and enhanced by the running monologue he kept up with the audience. About his distinctive approach, he said, "I lay it down hard on the piano. The way I do it, I get a person to tap his foot just like a Baptist preacher."

During his later years, he continued to record, performing in festivals and concerts across the United States and abroad.

Bibliography
"Legendary Blues Pianist 'Sunnyland Slim,' 87, Dies." Jet (April 10, 1995), 22: 62.
"Sunnyland Slim." New York Times (March 20, 1995): D10.
"Sunnyland Slim." Variety (April 17, 1995) 358, 11: 40.
Whiteis, David. "Bluesman Sunnyland Slim 1907-1995." Down Beat (June 1995) 62, 6: 10.
______. "Sunnyland Slim." Down Beat (May 1991) 58, 5: 28.

Discography
Luandrew, Albert "Sunnyland Slim." Blues Jam. Storyville 245.
______. Blues Piano Orgy. Delmark DMK 626.
______. Blues World of Little Walter. Delmark DMK 648.
______. Chicago Ain't Nothing But a Blues Band. Delmark DMK 624.

Watch

Albert 'Sunnyland Slim' Luandrew, 1988 National Heritage Fellowship Concert, Washington, D.C., courtesy National Endowment for the Arts

Listen

Albert 'Sunnyland Slim' Luandrew, live in Chicago, Illinois, 1991, recorded by Alan Govenar

Sunnyland Slim, 'Workin' Two Jobs,' Be Careful How You Vote, 1990, Earwig Music CD-4915

Sunnyland Slim, 'Chicago Jump,' Be Careful How You Vote, 1990, Earwig Music CD-4915